The seven countries out of the twenty-eight that Keys used to "prove" that saturated fat caused heart disease were; Italy, Greece, Former Yugoslavia, Netherlands, Finland, USA & Japan.
If Keys had chosen seven other countries from the data of twenty-eight available he could have "proved" that saturated fat prevented heart disease. These countries are; Finland, Israel, Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, France, Sweden.
This begs the question: Why did Keys manipulate the data?
One of Keys friends, Henry Blackburn, describes how Keys was previously humiliated about his saturated-fat/heart disease hypothesis in a meeting called by the World Health Organization in Geneva to discuss the rising rates of heart disease.
Keys was a very strong willed character, was strong of personality and didn’t shy away from vociferously attacking anyone with whom he disagreed. And he didn’t just point out in a civil way that he though opposing opinions were incorrect and give the reasons why, he attacked vituperatively in medical journals and in person during conferences.
Blackburn's theory is that the humiliation at the World Health Organization meeting was such that Keys was stung into action and was driven to find "evidence" to "prove" his saturated-fat/heart disease hypothesis - hence the seven countries study.
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Recipe of the day
Lamb Chop or Steaks with Garlic, Paprika and Herb Butter
|Food Mall: Lamb Chops|
Salt and freshly milled black pepper
For the Garlic and Herb Butter:
100g/4oz unsalted butter, softened
5ml/1tsp ground paprika
30ml/2tbsp freshly chopped mixed herbs (e.g flat-leaf parsley and chives)
Juice of ¼ lemon
1.To prepare the garlic and herb butter; mix all the ingredients together. Form into a sausage shape, wrap in cling film or foil and chill until required.
2.Cook the lamb under a preheated moderate grill for 6-8 minutes. Turn over the chops and continue to cook for a further 3-4 minutes.
3.Top with a disc of the herb butter. Return to the grill and continue to cook for a further 3-4 minutes.