The raison d'etre of this website is to provide you with hard scientific information which may help you make informed decisions in your quest for health (so far I have blogged concise summaries of over 1,500 scientific studies and have had three books published).

My research is mainly focused on the effects of cholesterol, saturated fat and statin drugs on health. If you know anyone who is worried about their cholesterol levels and heart disease, or has been told to take statin drugs you could send them a link to this website, and to my statin or cholesterol or heart disease books.

David Evans

Independent Health Researcher

Wednesday, 28 April 2010

What is a healthy percentage of body fat?

Published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 78, No. 2, 228-235, August 2003

Percentage body fat ranges associated with metabolic syndrome risk: results based on the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1988–1994)1,2,3
Shankuan Zhu, ZiMian Wang, Wei Shen, Steven B Heymsfield and Stanley Heshka
1 From the New York Obesity Research Center, St Luke’s–Roosevelt Hospital, Institute of Human Nutrition, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York.
2 Supported by a donation from Tanita Corporation and by NIH grant DK-PO1-42618.
3 Reprints not available. Address correspondence to S Zhu, New York Obesity Research Center, 1090 Amsterdam Avenue, 14th Floor, New York, NY 10025. E-mail:

This study can be accessed at:
The study suggests that men's body fat should be under 28% to reduce their risk and probably closer to 22% to substantially reduce the risk of degenerative disease.
Women should be under 37% to reduce their risk and probably be 30% or lower to substantially reduce the risk of degenerative disease.

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