The raison d'etre of this website is to provide you with hard scientific information which may help you make informed decisions in your quest for health (so far I have blogged concise summaries of over 1,500 scientific studies and have had three books published).

My research is mainly focused on the effects of cholesterol, saturated fat and statin drugs on health. If you know anyone who is worried about their cholesterol levels and heart disease, or has been told to take statin drugs you could send them a link to this website, and to my statin or cholesterol or heart disease books.

David Evans

Independent Health Researcher

Sunday, 29 May 2011

4 cups of coffee a day, or more is associated with an increased risk of bone fractures

This post includes a synopsis of a study published in Osteoporosis International 2006;17(7):1055-64 and a recipe for sausage and mushroom stuffed boneless turkey breast.

Study title and authors:
Coffee, tea and caffeine consumption in relation to osteoporotic fracture risk in a cohort of Swedish women.
Hallström H, Wolk A, Glynn A, Michaëlsson K.
Nourishing Traditions: The Cookbook that Challenges Politically Correct Nutrition and the Diet Dictocrats
Department of Toxicology, National Food Administration, P. O. Box 622, 75126 Uppsala, Sweden.

This study can be accessed at:

The study examined the relationship of consumption of coffee and tea, and total intake of caffeine and osteoporotic fracture risk in 31,527 Swedish women aged 40-76 years over a 10 year duration.

Hallström found that:
(a) The women with the highest caffeine consumption (over 330 mg/day) had a 20% increased risk of fracture compared with those with the lowest caffeine consumption (less than 200 mg/day).
(b)  A high coffee consumption significantly increased the risk of fracture, whereas tea drinking was not associated with risk.
(c) The increased risk of fracture with both a high caffeine intake and coffee consumption was confined to women with a low calcium intake (less than 700 mg/day).

To conclude: The results of the study indicate that a daily intake of 330 mg of caffeine, equivalent to 4 cups (600 ml) of coffee, or more may be associated with a modestly increased risk of osteoporotic fractures, especially in women with a low intake of calcium.

More information on this subject: Books : Scientific Studies : Other Websites : Videos : Food Mall 

Recipe of the day

Sausage and Mushroom Stuffed Boneless Turkey Breast

Serves 4

Ingredient list: - Glatt Kosher Boneless Turkey Breast Roast
Food Mall: Boneless Turkey Breast
Cooking string
1 boneless turkey breast
1 pound of Chorizo sausage
2 medium sweet-yellow onion
16 ounces of mushrooms
20 ounces of low-sodium chicken broth
1 Granny Smith apple
6-8 carrots
6-8 stalks of celery
Extra virgin olive oil
Dried rosemary
Dried thyme
Garlic powder
Black pepper

In preparation:
Chop onion, mushrooms, and Granny Smith apple into bite-sized pieces. Remove Chorizo sausage from casing or divide into bite-sized chunks. Pull skin from a boneless turkey breast and butterfly it to make a wide, flat surface. Cover with plastic wrap and pound gently with a meat mallet to flatten. Preheat oven to 375 degrees.

Add olive oil to a wok over medium heat. Add onions and stir fry a few minutes until onions begin to soften. Add mushrooms. Add salt, dried rosemary, dried thyme, and garlic powder to taste. Stir fry for 6-8 minutes until mushrooms begin to cook down. Add sausage and cook until it browns evenly. Add one Granny Smith apple. Mix all ingredients and let cook covered over low heat for a few minutes.

Lay turkey breast out on a flat surface. Add sausage, mushroom, and apple mix on top to a depth of about one inch and roll it up, creating a neat, even log. Rolling it up evenly is harder to do than to say, but keep trying until you’ve got it. Tie the roll with cook’s string to hold it together. I got my wife, a veterinary surgeon, to handle the tying and can’t imagine doing this job without help, but cooks on TV seem to do it alone easily without help.

Put a large roasting pan on the stove top over medium heat. Coat bottom with olive oil. Add turkey roll and brown all sides. When browned, add one chopped onion and all carrots and celery around turkey. Season with salt, black pepper, garlic powder, dried rosemary, and dried thyme to taste. Add chicken broth. Create a tent of tin foil over the roasting pan. Roast in the oven covered for 20-25 minutes. Remove the foil and roast for 20 more minutes.

Remove roasting pan from the oven. Transfer turkey to a large casserole dish, cover, and let rest for a few minutes. Add remaining sausage and mushroom mix to the carrots and celery in the roasting pan. Mix together. Remove string from the turkey roll-up and slice into medallions. Serve with carrots, celery, sausage, mushrooms, onions.

Sausage and Mushroom Stuffed Boneless Turkey Breast