Study title and authors:
Mammographic screening before age 50 years in the UK: comparison of the radiation risks with the mortality benefits.
Berrington de González A, Reeves G.
Cancer Research UK Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, Radcliffe Infirmary, Oxford OX2 6HE, UK. email@example.com
This paper can be accessed at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16136033
The study (i) extrapolated from a projected radiation risk to estimate the number of mammogram radiation-induced breast cancer deaths and (ii) assumed that screening would reduce the number of breast cancer deaths by 10-20%.
The study found that:
(a) The study estimates suggest that a decade of annual two-view mammographic screening before age 40 years would result in an increase in breast cancer deaths.
(b) The study estimates suggest that starting at age 40 years could result in a decrease only if breast cancer mortality is reduced by about 20% or more in women screened.
To conclude: Women under 40 having mammograms have a higher risk of breast cancer. For women over 40 the position is unclear whether it is beneficial to have mammograms.
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Recipe of the day
Sausage N’ Cabbage “Noodles”
|Food Mall: Italian Sausage|
½ head or 5 cups thinly sliced green cabbage
2 tablespoons grass fed butter (or ghee, or coconut oil)
½ teaspoon caraway seeds
½ teaspoon paprika
Fresh ground black pepper and sea salt to taste
In a large skillet brown the sausage. Once the sausage is fully cooked, remove it from the pan and set aside. Add the butter to the same pan with the sausage drippings and add the onions and cook for about 5 minutes or until the onions start to brown a bit. Add the cabbage and cook for another 7-10 minutes or until the cabbage is soft and “noodle-y.” Add the sausage back to the pan, add the spices, mix well and serve.
|Sausage N’ Cabbage “Noodles”|