Study title and authors:
ACCULTURATION AND CORONARY HEART DISEASE IN JAPANESE-AMERICANS
MICHAEL G. MARMOT and S. LEONARD SYME
School of Public Health, U. of California Berkeley, CA 94720
This study can be accessed at: http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/content/104/3/225.abstract
To test the hypothesis that social and cultural differences may account for the heart disease differences between Japan and the United States, 3809 Japanese-Americans in California were classified according to the degree to which they retained a traditional Japanese culture.
The study found:
(a) Those that adopted Western culture had a three- to five-fold excess in heart disease prevalence.
(b) Those that adhered to the traditional Japanese culture had heart disease prevalence as low as that observed in Japan.
(c) Those that adhered to the traditional Japanese culture and ate higher fat American foods had 49% LESS heart disease than those who adhered to the traditional Japanese culture and ate the lower fat Japanese foods.
(d) Those that adopted the Western culture and ate the higher fat American foods had 34% LESS heart disease than those who adopted the Western culture and ate the lower fat Japanese foods.
To conclude: The study suggests that cultural and social issues may determine the prevalence of heart disease.The study also shows that the higher fat Western diet offers protection from heart disease compared to the low fat Japanese diet.
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Recipe of the day
Portobello Mushrooms with Beef and Aubergine
|Food Mall: Ground Beef|
1 small aubergine, finely diced
8 large Portobello or flat mushrooms
Salt and freshly milled black pepper
30ml/2tbsp freshly chopped tarragon or mint
1.Preheat the oven to Gas mark 5, 190°C/375°F.
2.Heat a large, shallow, non-stick frying pan until hot and dry fry the mince for 7-10 minutes until brown. Add the aubergines and the reserved chopped mushroom and cook for a further 3-4 minutes, stirring occasionally. Season and add the freshly chopped herbs.
3.Meanwhile, place the mushrooms on a flat baking sheet, season, add butter and roast for 3-4 minutes.
4.Spoon the beef filling evenly over the mushrooms.
5.Serve with simply dressed salad leaves and baby cherry tomatoes.
|Portobello Mushrooms with Beef and Aubergine|