Study title and authors:
Postprandial Insulin and Triglycerides after Different Breakfast Meal Challenges: Use of Finger Stick Capillary Dried Blood Spots to Study Postprandial Dysmetabolism
Sonia Kapur, Ph.D., Margaret N. Groves, M.Phil., David T. Zava, Ph.D., and Sanjay Kapur, Ph.D.
ZRT Laboratory, LLC, Beaverton, Oregon
This study can be accessed at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2864157/
The study examined insulin and glucose levels collected after five different breakfast meals which had various fat, protein and carbohydrate ratios.
The study found:
(a) Significantly lower glucose levels were seen after meal 2 (the highest fat/lowest carbohydrate content) compared to the other meals.
(b) Insulin returned to normal fasting levels in significantly more subjects (90%) after meal 2 (the highest fat/lowest carbohydrate content) and significantly fewer subjects (31%) after meal 4 (lowest fat/highest carbohydrate content) than the other meals.
To conclude: High fat meals lower heart disease risk factors, whilst low fat meals increase heart disease risk factors.
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1 cup chicken broth
1 tablespoon dried basil
Black pepper to taste
1 lb grass fed ground beef
2 cups diced fresh spinach
1 small apple, finely diced
½ red onion, finely diced
4 garlic cloves, minced
2 tablespoons flat leaf Italian parsley, finely chopped
1 teaspoon paprika
1 teaspoon sea salt
1 teaspoon black pepper
12-15 cabbage leaves
In a large mixing bowl, combine the sauce ingredients and set aside. Remove the core from a head of cabbage and place the cabbage leaves in your pressure cooker with one cup of water. Bring the pressure cooker up to pressure and cook for 30 seconds. Take the leaves out and set aside to cool. In a large bowl, mix together all filling ingredients. Depending on the size of your cabbage leaves, place approximately ¼ cup of filling on the bottom edge of each leaf. Fold in the two outside edges of the cabbage leaf and roll up the filling. Place each cabbage roll seam side down in your pressure cooker. Cover the rolls with the sauce. Bring the pressure cooker up to pressure and cook for 12 minutes. Serve immediately.