Study title and author:
The supply of choline is important for fetal progenitor cells.
This paper can be accessed at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21693194
Zeisel notes that dietary choline is essential for the proper development of a fetus. For instance, choline is needed for cell membranes and brain development.
Zeisel found that:
(a) Choline is mainly found in foods that contain fat and cholesterol.
(b) Women eating diets low in choline have a greater risk of having a baby with a birth defect.
(c) Forty years ago, diets commonly contained choline-rich foods but now women in the USA tend to eat diets low in choline content because of dietary advice from nutritionists and physicians.
To conclude: Women eating a low fat, low cholesterol diet have a greater risk of having a baby with a birth defect.
More information on this subject: Books : Scientific Studies : Other Websites : Videos : Food Mall
Recipe of the day
|Food Mall: Chicken|
12 shallots or button onions, peeled (or 6-8 small onions peeled and halved)
4-6 medium carrots, cut into 1 inch chunks (or 4 carrots and 4 small turnips)
2 cloves garlic, crushed
275ml apple cider
425ml chicken stock
1 small bunch of parsley stalks (or 2 tsp dried parsley)
2 sprigs fresh thyme or oregano (or ¾ tsp dried thyme)
1 bay leaf
8 medium mushrooms, sliced
1.Preheat the oven to 200C.
2.Heat the butter in a large flameproof casserole dish until quite hot. Add the chicken, whole, and fry it while turning it regularly so that it is browned evenly all over. Once browned, remove from the pot and set aside on a plate.
3.Put the crushed garlic, bacon, onion and carrots into the pot and fry for about 5 minutes, stirring regularly, until they have coloured a little.
4.Remove the vegetables from the pot, place the chicken in the centre of the pot and then arrange the vegetables around the chicken.
5.Add the cider, stock, parsley, thyme and bay leaf to the pot. Bring to simmering point, then transfer the pot to the oven without the lid but with a piece of foil over the chicken breast.
6.Cook for 30 minutes, uncovering and basting the chicken breast every so often with the stock (note that if you have doubled the stock then you probably won’t need to rebaste).
7.Remove the foil, add the mushrooms and bake for a further 30 minutes, basting frequently with the juices in the pot.
8.Once cooked, remove the chicken and vegetables from the pot and place on a plate in a warming oven (if you don’t have a warming over, turn the oven off – it should soon cool to a temperature ethat will keep the chicken warm without cracking the plate – I tend to leave it on 50C to act as a warming oven). Take care to pick out the bay leaf and any herb stalks from the thyme and parsley and discard these.
9.Place the pot with the sauce over a high heat and boil rapidly to reduce the sauce until it thickens a little.