The raison d'etre of this website is to provide you with hard scientific information which may help you make informed decisions in your quest for health (so far I have blogged concise summaries of over 1,500 scientific studies and have had three books published).

My research is mainly focused on the effects of cholesterol, saturated fat and statin drugs on health. If you know anyone who is worried about their cholesterol levels and heart disease, or has been told to take statin drugs you could send them a link to this website, and to my statin or cholesterol or heart disease books.

David Evans

Independent Health Researcher

Thursday, 7 March 2013

Lutein bioavailability from eggs are higher than that from other sources such as supplements and spinach

This study was published in the Journal of Nutrition 2004 Aug;134(8):1887-93
Study title and authors:
Lutein bioavailability is higher from lutein-enriched eggs than from supplements and spinach in men.
Chung HY, Rasmussen HM, Johnson EJ.
Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA 02111, USA.
This study can be accessed at:

Chung notes that lutein may be protective against diseases such as age-related macular degeneration.

This study investigated the bioavailability from four sources; (i) lutein supplement, (ii) lutein ester supplement, (iii) spinach, (iv) eggs. The study included ten men who were administered one of the four lutein doses for nine days.

The study found:
(a) Lutein levels rose by 323.4% in the egg consumers.
(b) Lutein levels rose by 140.1% in the spinach consumers.
(c) Lutein levels rose by 82.1% in the lutein supplement consumers.
(d) Lutein levels rose by 81.9% in the lutein ester supplement consumers.

The researchers concluded that lutein bioavailability from eggs are significantly higher than that from other sources such as lutein, lutein ester supplements, and spinach: And that eggs may decrease the risk of certain diseases such as age-related macular degeneration.