The raison d'etre of this website is to provide you with hard scientific information which may help you make informed decisions in your quest for health (so far I have blogged concise summaries of over 1,500 scientific studies and have had three books published).

My research is mainly focused on the effects of cholesterol, saturated fat and statin drugs on health. If you know anyone who is worried about their cholesterol levels and heart disease, or has been told to take statin drugs you could send them a link to this website, and to my statin or cholesterol or heart disease books.

David Evans

Independent Health Researcher

Monday, 7 March 2011

Margarine intake increases the risk of heart disease

This post includes a synopsis of a paper published in Epidemiology 1997 Mar;8(2):144-9

Study title and authors:
Margarine intake and subsequent coronary heart disease in men
Did Your Doctor Tell You?
Gillman MW, Cupples LA, Gagnon D, Millen BE, Ellison RC, Castelli WP.
Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02215, USA.

This paper can be accessed at:

The study compared margarine and butter consumption on 832 men age 45-64 years and free of heart disease, with over 21 years of follow-up.

The study found that:
(a) For each increment of 1 teaspoon per day of margarine there was a 10% increase of heart disease over 21 years.
(b) Butter intake did not predict heart disease incidence.

Gillman concluded that the study offered support to the hypothesis that margarine intake increases the risk of coronary heart disease.

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