Study title and authors:
Higher Serum Total Cholesterol Levels are Associated With Better Long-Term Balance Function After First-Time Ischemic StrokeHung-Pin Lee, Yen-Ho Wang, Ching-Lin Hsieh, Yih-Tsen Lai, Shin-Liang Pan
The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of cholesterol levels on long-term balance function in patients with first-time ischemic stroke. The study included 99 first-time ischemic stroke patients who were divided into two groups according to cholesterol levels:
(i) Higher cholesterol group(greater than or equal to 5.17 mmol/L or 200 mg/dL)
(ii) Lower cholesterol group (lower than 5.17 mmol/L or 200 mg/dL).
Balance function was measured using the Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS). PASS contains 12 questions, each scored between 0 and 3 that measure the ability of stroke patients to maintain a given posture and the ability to ensure equilibrium in changing positions. A higer PASS score denotes better balance.
The study found the higher cholesterol group had 57% higher PASS scores than the lower cholesterol group.
The data from the study shows that higher cholesterol levels are associated with better balance function in first-time ischemic stroke patients.